Slickrock Creek 4/20/14
This morning, my family and I went on a walk led by two naturalists at the Snowbird Mountain Lodge in North Carolina while we are away for Easter break. The walk took place on a trail about 30 minutes away along Slickrock Creek. The group saw many awesome plant species as well as heard and saw some cool birds. One highlight was definitely seeing a male Ruby-throated Hummingbird doing its courtship flight where it flies in a J-shape back and forth. I also heard one lifer, the Louisiana Waterthrush! The lists are below.
Birds (13 species, 1 lifer):
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 1
Pileated Woodpecker 2
Northern Cardinal 3
Carolina Chickadee 1
Tufted Titmouse 3
Red-eyed Vireo 3
Worm-eating Warbler 1
Bald Eagle 1
Ruby-throated Hummingbird 1
Black-throated Green Warbler 2
Hooded Warbler 2
Yellow-throated Warbler 1
*Louisiana Waterthrush 2
Amphibians (1 species, 1 lifer):
Butterflies (1 species, 1 lifer):
*West Virginia White
Moths (1 species, 1 lifer):
Other Insects (1 taxa, 1 lifer):
Other Arthropods (1 taxa, 0 lifers):
Molluscs (2 taxa, 0 lifers):
Trees (8 species, 4 lifers):
Wildflowers (20 species, 17 lifers):
*Sessile-flowered Maroon Trillium
*Common Blue Violet
*Single-flowered Cancer Root
Other Herbaceous Plants (10 species, 8 lifers):
*Adam and Eve’s Orchid
Shrubs (2 species, 2 lifers):
Vines (3 species, 1 lifer):
Ferns (2 species, 1 lifer):
Graminoids (1 species, 1 lifer):
Succulents (1 species, 1 lifer):
Fungi (1 species, 1 lifer):
Lichens (1 genus, 0 lifers):
Old Man’s Beard
Invasive Species (1 species, 1 lifer):
*Hemlock Woolly Adelgid
Saxifrage – Saxifraga
Long-spurred Violet – Viola rostrata
Star Chickweed – Stellaria pubera
Rue Anemone – Thalictrum thalictroides
Toothwort – Cardamine
Solomon’s Seal – Polygonatum. Shows flowers all the way down the keel.
Sessile-flowered Maroon Trillium – Trillium sessile. Trilliums are so named because everything comes in threes – leaves, sepals and petals. Trilliums are mainly identified by flower color, whether the flower is above the leaves or hangs below them, and what the color of the leaves are. The maroon flower above the leaves which are mottled dark and light green make this individual the Sessile-flowered Maroon Trillium.
Solomon’s Plume – Maianthemum racemosum. Used to be called False Solomon’s Seal because it has flowers only at the end but Solomon’s Seal has flowers all down the keel.
Purple Phacelia – Phacelia bipinnatifada
Baneberry – Actaea
Carolina Silverbell – Halesia carolina
Foamflower – Tiarella
Stinging Nettle – Urtica dioica
Lady’s Thumb – Persicaria maculosa
Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum
Wild Stonecrop – Sedum ternatum
Yellow Mandarin – Prosartes lanuginosa
Red Wakerobin – Trillium erectum. The dark red flower above the solid green leaves make this a Red Wakerobin.
Crossvine – Bignonia capreolata
Striped Maple – Acer pensylvanicum. The bark is often green and striped.
Perfoliate Bellwort – Uvularia perfoliata
Common Blue Violet – Viola sororia
Bishop’s Cap – Mitella
Alternate-leaved Dogwood – Cornus alternifolia. Has alternate leaves unlike most dogwoods that have opposite leaves.
Sweet Cicely – Osmorhiza
Blue Stain – Grosmannia clavigera
West Virginia White – Pieris virginiensis
Canada Violet – Viola canadensis
Yellow Trillium – Trillium luteum. The yellow flower above mottled light and dark green leaves make this a Yellow Trillium.
Cutleaf Toothwort – Cardamine concatenata
Adam and Eve’s Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale
Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum thalictroides
Lettered Sphinx – Deidamia inscriptum. This species lays its eggs on wild grape vines, ampelopsis and Virginia Creeper.
Halberd-leaved Violet – Viola hastata
Carolina Springbeauty – Claytonia caroliniana
One-flowered Cancer Root – Orobanche uniflora, This species lacks chlorophyll, showing that the plant is parasitic, living off of other plants and organisms.
Doghobble – Leucothoe
Carolina Rhododendron – Rhododendron carolinianum. This species is usually found at high altitudes and because it has small leaves, can be confused with Mountain Laurel. The leaves of this species, however, have somewhat of a rusty underside that the Mountain Laurel lacks.
Catesby’s Trillium. The flower grows pink in older individuals (white Catesby’s Trillium flower in background for comparison).
Catesby’s Trillium – Trillium catesbaei. The white (or pink) flower hanging below solid green leaves make this a Catesby’s Trillium.
Hemlock Wooly Adelgid – Adelges tsugae. This invasive species was brought over accidentally from Japan and has greatly reduced Carolina and Eastern Hemlock populations by sucking the sap out of the plants. These true bugs can be identified by their white cotton-like egg sac (shown in picture).
Fraser Magnolia – Magnolia fraseri. This species has lobes at the base and narrow leaves that identify it as this species.
Golden Ragwort – Packera aurea
Grape Fern – Sceptridium
Seersucker Sedge – Carex plantaginea