Slickrock Creek 4/20/14

This morning, my family and I went on a walk led by two naturalists at the Snowbird Mountain Lodge in North Carolina while we are away for Easter break. The walk took place on a trail about 30 minutes away along Slickrock Creek. The group saw many awesome plant species as well as heard and saw some cool birds. One highlight was definitely seeing a male Ruby-throated Hummingbird doing its courtship flight where it flies in a J-shape back and forth. I also heard one lifer, the Louisiana Waterthrush! The lists are below.

Birds (13 species, 1 lifer):

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 1

Pileated Woodpecker 2

Northern Cardinal 3

Carolina Chickadee 1

Tufted Titmouse 3

Red-eyed Vireo 3

Worm-eating Warbler 1

Bald Eagle 1

Ruby-throated Hummingbird 1

Black-throated Green Warbler 2

Hooded Warbler 2

Yellow-throated Warbler 1

*Louisiana Waterthrush 2

 

Amphibians (1 species, 1 lifer):

*Dusky Salamander

 

Butterflies (1 species, 1 lifer):

*West Virginia White

 

Moths (1 species, 1 lifer):

*Lettered Sphinx

 

Other Insects (1 taxa, 1 lifer):

*Scorpionfly

 

Other Arthropods (1 taxa, 0 lifers):

Millipede

 

Molluscs (2 taxa, 0 lifers):

Snail

Slug

 

Trees (8 species, 4 lifers):

Eastern Hemlock

American Holly

American Hornbeam

*Carolina Silverbell

Witchhazel

*Striped Maple

*Alternate-leaf Dogwood

*Fraser Magnolia

 

Wildflowers (20 species, 17 lifers):

*Red Wakerobin

*Purple Phacelia

*Sessile-flowered Maroon Trillium

Rue Anemone

*Star Chickweed

Foamflower

*Long-spurred Violet

*Solomon’s Plume

Solomon’s Seal

*Toothwort

*Saxifrage

*Yellow Mandarin

*Perfoliate Bellwort

*Common Blue Violet

*Bishop’s Cap

*Canada Violet

*Golden Ragwort

*Catesby’s Trillium

*Single-flowered Cancer Root

*Crow’s Foot

 

Other Herbaceous Plants (10 species, 8 lifers):

*Halberd-leaved Violet

*Carolina Springbeauty

*Sweet Sicily

*Lady’s Thumb

*Stinging Nettle

Aster

*Baneberry

Waterleaf

*Cutleaf Toothwort

*Adam and Eve’s Orchid

 

Shrubs (2 species, 2 lifers):

*Doghobble

*Carolina Rhododendron

 

Vines (3 species, 1 lifer):

*Crossvine

Poison Ivy

Virginia Creeper

 

Ferns (2 species, 1 lifer):

Christmas Fern

*Grape Fern

 

Graminoids (1 species, 1 lifer):

*Seersucker Sedge

 

Succulents (1 species, 1 lifer):

*Wild Stonecrop

 

Fungi (1 species, 1 lifer):

*Blue Stain

 

Lichens (1 genus, 0 lifers):

Old Man’s Beard

 

Invasive Species (1 species, 1 lifer):

*Hemlock Woolly Adelgid

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Saxifrage – Saxifraga

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Long-spurred Violet – Viola rostrata

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Star Chickweed – Stellaria pubera

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Rue Anemone – Thalictrum thalictroides

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Toothwort – Cardamine

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Solomon’s Seal – Polygonatum. Shows flowers all the way down the keel.

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Sessile-flowered Maroon Trillium – Trillium sessile. Trilliums are so named because everything comes in threes – leaves, sepals and petals. Trilliums are mainly identified by flower color, whether the flower is above the leaves or hangs below them, and what the color of the leaves are. The maroon flower above the leaves which are mottled dark and light green make this individual the Sessile-flowered Maroon Trillium.

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Solomon’s Plume – Maianthemum racemosum. Used to be called False Solomon’s Seal because it has flowers only at the end but Solomon’s Seal has flowers all down the keel.

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Purple Phacelia – Phacelia bipinnatifada

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Baneberry – Actaea

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Carolina Silverbell – Halesia carolina

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Foamflower – Tiarella

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Stinging Nettle – Urtica dioica

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Lady’s Thumb – Persicaria maculosa

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Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum

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Wild Stonecrop – Sedum ternatum

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Saxifrage Leaf

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Yellow Mandarin – Prosartes lanuginosa

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Red Wakerobin – Trillium erectum. The dark red flower above the solid green leaves make this a Red Wakerobin.

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Crossvine – Bignonia capreolata

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Striped Maple – Acer pensylvanicum. The bark is often green and striped.

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Perfoliate Bellwort – Uvularia perfoliata

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Common Blue Violet – Viola sororia

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Bishop’s Cap – Mitella

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Alternate-leaved Dogwood – Cornus alternifolia. Has alternate leaves unlike most dogwoods that have opposite leaves.

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Sweet Cicely – Osmorhiza

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Blue Stain – Grosmannia clavigera

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West Virginia White – Pieris virginiensis

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Canada Violet – Viola canadensis

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Yellow Trillium – Trillium luteum. The yellow flower above mottled light and dark green leaves make this a Yellow Trillium.

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Cutleaf Toothwort – Cardamine concatenata

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Adam and Eve’s Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale

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Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum thalictroides

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Lettered Sphinx – Deidamia inscriptum. This species lays its eggs on wild grape vines, ampelopsis and Virginia Creeper.

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Halberd-leaved Violet – Viola hastata

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Carolina Springbeauty – Claytonia caroliniana

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One-flowered Cancer Root – Orobanche uniflora, This species lacks chlorophyll, showing that the plant is parasitic, living off of other plants and organisms.

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Doghobble – Leucothoe

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Carolina Rhododendron – Rhododendron carolinianum. This species is usually found at high altitudes and because it has small leaves, can be confused with Mountain Laurel. The leaves of this species, however, have somewhat of a rusty underside that the Mountain Laurel lacks.

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Catesby’s Trillium. The flower grows pink in older individuals (white Catesby’s Trillium flower in background for comparison).

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Catesby’s Trillium – Trillium catesbaei. The white (or pink) flower hanging below solid green leaves make this a Catesby’s Trillium.

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Hemlock Wooly Adelgid – Adelges tsugae. This invasive species was brought over accidentally from Japan and has greatly reduced Carolina and Eastern Hemlock populations by sucking the sap out of the plants. These true bugs can be identified by their white cotton-like egg sac (shown in picture).

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Fraser Magnolia – Magnolia fraseri. This species has lobes at the base and narrow leaves that identify it as this species.

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Golden Ragwort – Packera aurea

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Grape Fern – Sceptridium

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Seersucker Sedge – Carex plantaginea

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